Appointed August 26, 1996, by Governor Arne Carlson. Elected 1998, 2004, and 2010. Retired June 30, 2011.
Appointed and assigned to serve statewide as Senior Judge from July 1, 2013, to June 30, 2015.
University of Minnesota Law School (J.D. 1967); Macalester College (B.A. 1964).
Assistant Ramsey County Attorney (1967-96), former Chief of Criminal Division, former Chief of Crimes Against Persons Unit.
U.S. Military Judge, Navy-Marine Corps Trial Judiciary (1992-present); Captain, Judge Advocate General Corps, U.S. Naval Reserve; Former Commanding Officer, Naval Justice School Reserve Unit; Former Commanding Officer, Navy-Marine Corps Appellate Review Activity, Twin Cities Detachment; Former Acting Force Judge Advocate, Commander U.S. Naval Forces Japan.
Adjunct Instructor, Military Judge Course, Army JAG School (1996); Adjunct Instructor, Interservice Military Judges Seminar, Air Force JAG School (1996); Adjunct Instructor, Military Judge Course, Naval Justice School (1990-92); Faculty Advisor, Career Prosecutor Course, National College of District Attorneys (1976); Adjunct Instructor, Judicial Trial Skills Clinic, University of Minnesota Law School; Former Instructor, International Law, Naval Reserve Officers School.