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History of Juries in America
The basic document which first established the right to jury trial in England is the Magna Carta, which was signed by King John. English settlers brought the right to jury trial to the U.S. and incorporated it into our Constitution.
The Magna Carta provides in part:
No freeman shall be taken or imprisoned, or disseised, or outlawed, or banished or any ways destroyed nor will we pass upon him, nor will we send upon him, unless by the lawful judgment of his peers, or by the law of the land.
“To none will we sell, to none will we deny, or delay, right or justice.”
Granted at Runnymede, June 15, 1215 A.D.